Education in Turkey
Useful information about education in Turkey
Turkey was founded in 1923 and is considered as the main survivor and heir of the Ottoman Empire. Turkey is located in the neighborhood of our country, which has western and eastern culture. The official religion in Turkey is Islam, and 99 percent of the people are Muslims, most of whom are Sunnis. The official language of the Turkish people is Modern Turkish (Istanbul), but Armenian, Kurdish, Zazai and Arabic languages are also common among some people and ethnic groups.
Education in Turkey starts at the age of 6. There are two types of schools in Turkey: non-profit (private and public), which, like all other countries, provide free education in Turkey public schools. In private schools, the tuition fee will be different according to the level of education and the desired school. The main language of instruction in schools is Turkish. It is Turkish. English, French, German and Spanish are taught as second languages or sometimes the first language as well. The total duration of education in Turkey is similar to Iran. So the elementary level (ilkokul) in Turkish schools is five years after From that middle school (Ortaokul) is three years and high school (Lise) is four years.
Studying in Turkey universities
In this section, information related to universities, including admission, obtaining a student residence permit, is written. If you need to receive information about studying in Turkish schools, click here.
Note: In cases where the desired university requires a foreign language degree from the applicant and the applicant does not have a degree, or the person’s foreign language level is lower than the required level, then the applicant must study for one year in the intensive foreign language course of the university itself.
Along with economic progress in the last two decades, the quality of studying in Turkey universities has also increased. So that in the world rankings, many universities are included in the list of the first 1000 universities in the world. Unfortunately, Iranian universities have not found a place for themselves in this list. Scientific progress along with increasing level of prosperity has made Turkey one of the goals of foreign students, including Iranians.
As mentioned, Turkey has managed to attract a large number of foreign students by having world-class universities with excellent facilities. According to the statistics of 2018, the number of foreign students studying in Turkey has exceeded 125,000. Also, the cost of living is very reasonable compared to European and American countries. Turkish universities have a high scientific reputation, and most universities exchange information with world-renowned universities to improve their scientific level.
All universities have an official website where all the information related to courses, necessary documents for admission, etc., are listed there. So you will easily find all the information by visiting the website of the university.
Universities in Turkey are usually in Turkish and English. In a university, a course can be taught in English or Turkish or both.
For example, in Istanbul University of Technology (ITU), which is one of the top 3 universities in Istanbul and Turkey, some courses are taught in English and others in Turkish. In another field, all lessons may be taught 100% in English or 100% in Turkish. So read the websites of the universities well…
After choosing the field, pay attention to the documents required for action. Note that the registration time in some Turkish universities starts from the end of May. Each university’s application and registration schedule can be different, so if you intend to study in Turkish universities, it is better to think about the upcoming academic year before Nowruz.
Finally, after sending the documents via email, the university will respond to you. If you receive a positive answer, two situations occur.
In the first case, some universities will invite you to an interview and face-to-face meeting before admission, which will have a great impact on their final decision. Let it be between us… Usually, specialized questions related to your field will not be asked in the interview. More questions will be asked about the weather and student’s enthusiasm and the reason for choosing the desired field. So be sure to dress well and stylishly during the interview… 😉
M., the university will respond positively without your interview request and you will be invited to attend for registration. Good luck…
- With the acceptance letter from the university and a completed application form, go to the Turkish embassy or consulate in Iran to issue the relevant visa.
Note: In cases where the desired university requires a foreign language degree from the applicant and the applicant does not have a degree or the required foreign language level is low, then the applicant must study for one year in the foreign language course of the university itself.
Education in Turkey for International Students and Residence Permit Conditions
Obtaining a student visa before leaving your country is mandatory for official and final registration at a university in Turkey. Therefore, applicants who travel to Turkey without a student visa are not allowed to enroll in the university and will not receive a residence permit for this country.
To obtain a visa, students must complete the visa application form and deliver it with the required documents to the Turkish embassy or consulate in their city (Tehran or Tabriz). You can get the student application form from the nearest Turkish embassy. The following documents must be ready along with the form.
- Passport valid for more than 90 days
- 2 passport size photos
- Admission form from one of the universities in Türkiye
- Health insurance certificate
- Return ticket
- Proof of financial ability to study and live in Türkiye
- Visa processing fee: Varies by nationality
- Certificate of no bad background
- Medical certificate of health
Students with a study visa must make an appointment within one month after their arrival in Turkey for a residence permit through the official website of the Turkish Immigration Department by filling out the Rendevu form. Do not pay attention to the appointment time when getting an appointment through the site. Just be careful to complete the residency application form on the migration site and get an appointment before the one-month deadline. Usually, an appointment is given for the next 60 days. In this case, don’t worry about your stay at all, because officially your stay will start from the moment you visit the immigration website and take action to get an appointment.
For example: You entered Türkiye on August 1. You have until August 31 to get an appointment from the Maharjart office. Assuming that you received an appointment by August 31 by visiting the site and filling out the relevant form, but the appointment time is October 30!!! In this case, don’t worry at all because you acted within the given deadline and the delay in meeting is due to the large number of clients and is not your fault. So there will be no problem for you in this regard.
Validity: Students admitted to a degree program at any higher education institution in Turkey receive a residence permit valid for a period of 1 year.
Student dormitory in Turkey
An important thing that people should keep in mind for studying in Turkey is that Turkish universities usually don’t commit to providing dormitories to students. But in the last few years, due to the construction of many dormitories in Turkey, dormitory facilities are often provided to foreign students. Students can benefit from free health insurance during their studies. In order to use this possibility, an amount must be paid to the government.